Uses in Support & Counselling
Individual, Relationship & Group Work
Reality Therapy is most similar to systems of therapy that see human beings as inner and currently directed. By contrast, it does not ignore the influence of parents, past experience, and the environment, all of which can play a facilitative or restrictive role in the life of the client.
The core of the practice of Reality Therapy is the ability of the therapist to connect with clients and help them evaluate the attainability of their wants, and both the appropriateness and effectiveness of their behaviour. Unlike many theories, this system, as well as the underlying theory of brain functioning, Choice Theory, is expressed in terminology that requires little education. A glossary of obscure technical terms would be a short list. ( Reality Therapy for the 21st Century, Robert E Wubbolding, 2000)
In some of the more conventional psychiatric approaches (following the influence of Freud), the therapist is taught to remain as impersonal and objective as possible, regarded by some observers as being somewhat `aloof' from the client. By contrast, in Reality Therapy the creation of effective `involvement' - a term used frequently by Glasser - is regarded as absolutely essential to the counselling process. Indeed, as Glasser states, the more the counsellor can become someone whom the client comes to put into their `quality world', as a professional person whom they trust and who has their best interests at heart, the more effective the counselling process can be. ( Counselling with Reality Therapy, Wubbolding and Brickell, 2001)
Choice Theory, and it's delivery tool, Reality Therapy, is very effective when working with children and young people who have emotional and behavioural difficulties, as well as with other types of 'client group'. It is safe to use, is flexible, and although the practitioner needs a sound level of knowledge and understanding of the processes of Reality Therapy, it does not demand a high degree of academic ability. During the past few years there has been a significant increase of practitioners in the UK beginning to use Reality Therapy as their prefered method of counselling and supporting clients. Practitioners find that Reality Therapy fits nicely into their 'bag of tools' used within the counselling environment, and that the processes fall in line with current national and organisational professional and ethical guidelines.